Shaping the European Research Arena
Science2Society project creates pilots and shares good practices, guidelines and training materials that improve awareness and practical performance in seven concrete university-industry-society interfacing schemes especially affected by Science 2.0 and open innovation. The project advances far beyond the traditional role of the interface as a facilitator of knowledge transfer from university to business.
Sound methodological frameworks are combined with 'real life' experience from practitioners in science and industry, making the transition from promising blueprints to actual change within some 3000 actors in Europe by 2020.
Backed with a total budget of € 2.85M (2016-18), Science2Society does not only collect knowledge and models; it deeply and innovatively analyses how these can be improved using advanced methods pioneered in business practice such as process re-engineering, design thinking and change management. The project runs substantial experiments to validate the created optimized interfacing schemes.
Outrun innovation systems outside Europe
More specific objectives include compiling an easily accessible knowledge database of university / industry / society interface schemes suitable for today’s more open environment; the creation of a clear and proven set of guidelines and tools; and developing a sustainable learning programme for continued replication of the best schemes. This last objective will have a critical mass of over 1000 European stakeholders and therefore will have a substantial impact throughout Europe.
The overall mission of Science2Society is to understand and improve the efficiency of the European innovation system and the ways it creates new businesses, turns technology into products and services, attracts financing and generally creates value from academic research.
The study is focusing on key schemes currently used to encourage use of innovation. These include inter alia co-creation of products in a virtual ‘ideas laboratory’, co-location of industry laboratories in universities as well as coaching and training provided by universities to SMEs. To optimise for instance such coaching and training, the current typical knowledge transfer process will be mapped, the steps and tasks that appear the most problematic will be identified, possible solutions will be explored and guidelines on how to streamline University-SME knowledge transfer will be created.
Joint forces for “I to P” – Innovation to Product
The project brings together both practitioners and, as method and system experts, universities, industries, research and technology organizations and SMEs. The project is endorsed by large (EU-level) networks of peers and the innovation ecosystem.
Science2society starts to boost innovation efficiency across Europe
A highly renowned consortium has begun work on a major project to improve innovation processes and their effectiveness in society. Titled ‘Science2Society’ , the EU-funded project will assess the mechanisms through which universities, research organisations, society and industry collaborate to create value. Value in terms of:
- sparking new ideas
- differentiating new products and services
- captured benefits of publicly funded research
- appealing new talent
- winning solutions for todays’ societal challenges
The consortium consists of 18 participating organisations which are based in seven European countries: Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK. The 3-year project will directly engage with some 50 universities and research organisations, 30 industries and 100 small businesses across Europe.
Science 2.0/Open Science and Open Innovation are catchwords nowadays often heard and widely used in various contents but with unclear and partly overlapping meanings. Therefore it is important to generate a common picture explaining these buzz words and concretising the plenitude of their meanings in the context of the Science2Socienty project.
Science 2.0 and Open Science are two terms today used interchangeably. According to a large consultation on Science 2.0 held by the European Commission (see here) one of the general findings was that the term Open Science becomes more popular than the term Science 2.0. There-fore only the term Open Science will be used from this point forward.
Open Science describes an ongoing evolution in ways of doing and organising research changes. This new approach to the scientific progress uses information-sharing and collaboration enab-led by digital technologies with the benefit of increased collaboration between scientists. It is driven by globalisation and growth of the scientific community as well as the need to address the grand challenges of our time.
"The days of keeping our research results to ourselves are over. There is far more to gain from sharing data and letting others access and analyse that data."(Commissioner Carlos Moedas, "European research and innovation for global challenges'; Lund, 4 December 2015)
The shift that e-commerce had for retail is comparable to the effect of Open Science on research. Just like e-commerce, it affects the whole 'business cycle' of doing science and research, from the inception of research to its publication, as well as the way this cycle is organised.
On the other hand, Open Innovation proclaims to open up the innovation process to all active players so that knowledge can circulate more freely and can be transformed into products and services that create new markets. This means that knowledge, expertise and even resources are transferred from one company or research institution into another, enabling companies not using only internal ideas but also external ones, as well as internal and external paths to market, as they seek to improve their performance.
In this context the Science2Society project aims to increase the throughput capacity of the European innovation system. The project mission on the S2S project derived thereof can be found here .
Today the way science works is fundamentally changing and an equally important transformati-on is taking place in how companies and societies innovate. The advent of digital technologies is making science and innovation more open, collaborative, and global. Open Innovation has been defined as "the use of purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge to accelerate internal innovation, and expand the markets for external use of innovation, respectively." (Chesbrough, 2003). That means that organisation boundaries (e.g. of companies, universities, research centres) become more permeable for innovation processes, enabling the systematic matching and integration of resources like for example knowledge or equipment between the organisation and external collaborators. This is necessary because especially digitali-sation, globalisation and the dynamics they generate in society, science and the economy pre-sent huge challenges for organisations to keep pace with the global innovation race. In many cases, questions cannot be resolved by internal means alone.
Such cases require a systematic search for relevant solution knowledge outside of the organisa-tion. Bill Joy from Sun Microsystems gets to the heart of it when he says: "Not all smart people work for us." His sentence is an emerging paradigm that becomes more and more important for future success of almost all types of organisations.
To master the increasingly complex challenges of innovation the various stakeholders involved must engage in new forms of cooperation. Therefor Open Innovation goes beyond addressing just the business sector but focuses on the expansion of knowledge and innovation processes in science and research. It is not any longer based on the Triple Helix Model of university-indust-ry-government relationships but on a Quadruple Helix Model (read more here) where govern-ment, industry, academia and civil participants work together to co-create the future and drive structural changes far beyond the scope of what any one organization or person could do alone.
The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, being the 6th European university in the 2008 Leiden bibliometric ranking, participates in over 540 FP7 projects, ranking sixth in the league of HES institutions participating. KU Leuven takes up the 8th place of European institutions hosting ERC grants. To date, the 69 ERC Grantees in its midst confirm that KU Leuven is a breeding ground (49 Starting Grants) and attractive destination for the world’s best researchers. The success in the FP7 Marie Curie Actions is a manifestation of the three pillars of KU Leuven: research, education and service to society. In its 136 Actions, of which 53 Initial Training Networks, hundreds of young researchers have been trained through research and have acquired the necessary skills to transfer their knowledge into the world outside academia. KU Leuven has 41255 students and a staff of 9848, with 14 faculties covering all disciplines in humanities, life sciences, physical sciences & engineering. Applied research is supported by the well-experienced KU Leuven Research & Development (LRD), one of the most renowned technology transfer offices in Europe. In Science2Society KU Leuven will be participating with its Noise and Vibration Research Group which currently counts 74 researchers and is part of the Mechanical Engineering Department, a vibrant environment of close to 250 researchers. Doctoral training is provided in the framework of the Leuven Arenberg Doctoral School. The research group has extensive experience in industry-academia research and training cooperation via staff exchange, dual-desk PhD’s, industrial PhD’s and other schemes, and has been using tools for the implementation of the above such as the Marie Sklodowska Curie Actions Innovative Training Networks (ITN), European Industry Doctorates (EID) and Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways (IAPP).
IPEK is a research facility at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and see itself as a center for scientific product development and innovation with a focus on drive systems and mobility. IPEK is committed to research and advancement of methods and processes of product development, their evaluation on real systems and communicating them outstanding well in teaching and further education. IPEK aims to be one of the world's leading university Institutes in this regard. As a highly motivated and performance-oriented team, the aim of its daily work is to contribute to scientific knowledge and to strengthen the competitiveness of the German economy. IPEK succeeds in this through education and further training of students and graduates, and through its research activities and continuous transfer of knowledge into industry. IPEK lives by the methods and processes that IPEK researches and teaches. IPEK wishes to attract the brightest minds into its team. The foundation of its collaboration is self-imposed commitment to performance, tolerance and mutual support, based on trust. IPEK gives its assurance that it will follow the German Research Foundation's rules of good scientific practice at all times.
- AcronymCIT UPC
The Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) is a public institution dedicated to research and higher education, specialized in the fields of architecture, science and engineering. Every year over 31,000 undergraduate and master's degree students and nearly 3,000 doctoral students enrol at the UPC. With a high degree of mobility among its students, the UPC is one of the European universities that receives the greatest number of international students; in fact, it has the highest intake of international master's and doctoral degree students in Spain. The UPC is also the European university with the highest number of Erasmus Mundus programs: thirteen master's degree courses and five doctoral programs. The UPC’s leadership is attested to by the latest university rankings: it is the top Spanish university in engineering and technology in the latest QS World University Ranking and in engineering (2002-2011) and architecture (2007-2011) in the I-UGR Ranking. According to the SCIMAGO Ranking 2013, it is the top technical University in Southern Europe. The UPC has a long track-record of collaboration with companies, increasing their competitiveness and capacity for innovation and working to promote research transfer and valorisation. In 2011, the UPC’s related turnover was € 78,3 million, one third coming from agreements with companies and institutions, one third from national calls for proposals and programs and another third from European programs. Regarding international research collaborative projects, the UPC is a major player in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), where it participated in 151 FP7 projects (of which 35 coordinated) and has had a long track of successfully coordinated projects for many years. The UPC Technology Center (CIT UPC) is a non-profit entity, attached to the UPC, but with its own legal personality. It is dedicated to applying university research capabilities to innovation in business. The mission of CIT UPC is to promote economic and social development and, in particular, to improve business competitiveness by generating technological knowledge and carrying out and applying R&D activities. CIT UPC comprises 20 UPC Research Centers, accounting for 532 researchers (55% of them PhD) and a total income of €12 million. CIT UPC furthers the goals of the UPC by fostering research and innovation, while helping to bring new developments to the wider world and providing scientific and technological services to companies.
- CountryUnited Kingdom
- AcronymIfM ECS
IfM Education and Consultancy Services Limited (IfM ECS) is a wholly owned subsidiary of the University of Cambridge. The Company conducts the commercial activities of the Institute for Manufacturing (IfM). IfM ECS provides a rapid knowledge dissemination route for new ideas, research and methodologies developed at the IfM. Since its inception, IfM ECS has worked with over 1,000 organizations internationally, (start-ups, SMEs, large multinationals and governments) to disseminate knowledge. Industrial practitioners engage directly with industry, governments and agencies via consultancy, executive education and events. Our approach is very different to conventional consultancy, involving working collaboratively to co-develop solutions, based on IfM research outputs, and focusing on transferring knowledge as well as delivering business results. These engagements help to both inform and fund future IfM research.
With its 200 employees, Virtual Vehicle is a leading and experienced international acting RTO in the field of applicationoriented vehicle development and future vehicle concepts for road and rail. More than a hundred national and international research projects in close collaborations with leading partners from industry and academia of various sectors (also from aerospace, building etc.) from all over the world have been conducted since 2002 at Virtual Vehicle. As the main shareholder the Graz University of Technology (TUG) connects Virtual Vehicle to more than 40 institutes enabling technical innovations in virtual vehicle development. Virtual Vehicle is a proactive member in various technology platforms/associations such as the European Automotive Research Partners Association EARPA, the European Green Vehicle Initiative Association EGVIA and JTIs like ARTEMIS/ Ecsel - showing its strategic position in the global research environment and its well-orchestrated networks channels with global reach. In the light of the above Virtual Vehicle will offer valuable input (profound real-life experience and sound knowledge) to both define relevant guidelines and ensure high impact of results of the Sience2society project.
The Fraunhofer LBF looks back on 75 years of experience in the field of structural durability and nowadays expanded with the expertise in adaptronics, plastics and system reliability. The Fraunhofer LBF develops, evaluates and realizes customized solutions for safety relevant products with a team of more than 450 employees together with the associated Chair of System Reliability and Machine Acoustics SzM and Chair of Macromolecular Chemistry of the TU Darmstadt. In doing so, the full added value chain is considered, from the idea to the product, from the material to the system and over the full life-cycle. For the customized solutions, the LBF provides versatile test facilities on more than 17.000 m2 which are complemented by the Virtual Test Lab for numerical simulations and testing. Since 1 July 2012, the German Institute for Polymers (DKI) became a division of Fraunhofer LBF. Thus, the competences of the Fraunhofer LBF have been extended by synthesis, processing, analysis and testing of functional and engineering plastics. The Fraunhofer LBF is currently structured into the four divisions Structural Durability, Smart Structures, Plastics and System Reliability. The Fraunhofer LBF is participating in alliances and networks inside and outside the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft and performs research together with its partners on behalf of the industry, the trade associations, federal ministries, German Research Society and the European Union. The Fraunhofer LBF is e.g. member of the European Automotive Research Partners Association EARPA, the European Road Transport Research Advisory Council ERTRAC, the European Green Vehicle Initiative Association EGVIA and the European Technology Platform on Smart System Integration EPoSS. The Fraunhofer LBF is accredited as test facility according to DIN EN ISO-IEC 17025 and uses a certified quality management system according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2000.
The Joint Institute for Innovation Policy (JIIP) is a joint venture of four well-renowned Research and Technology Organisations (RTOs) from four different European countries: TNO (The Netherlands), VTT (Finland), Joanneum Research (Austria) and Tecnalia (Spain). It was established in April 2008 on the basis of a consortium agreement and became a legal entity in May 2012. JIIP provides intelligence to support policy-making with a focus on research and innovation policy. One of the competitive strengths of the partnership lies in the interdisciplinary nature of its mother institutes and the subsequent cross-over and added value for the services JIIP can offer and deliver. The partnership involves a core pool of around 170 researchers in relevant units of the four partner organisations. A central office located in Brussels coordinates the joint activities and steers the further strategic development of the partnerships. The core competences and services lie in the following areas:
- Policy analysis : evaluation of policy initiatives and programmes; impact assessments; policy monitoring; policy development;
- Analysis of innovation dynamics and systems : sectoral innovation dynamics; national/regional innovation systems;
- innovation-related economic analyses;
- Forward-looking activities : foresight; forecast; technology assessment; horizon scanning;
- Data and indicators : data collection; data analysis; and research on indicators.
The technology, business and organisation development consultancy i2m is headquartered in Graz (Austria) and focuses on the transport and building sector as well as on solutions for applications from the domains of mechanical engineering and “green technologies. i2m specializes in creating product, service and business model innovation to enable its clients to sharpen competitive advantage and to boost growth. i2m’s team is well set up to help its clients to innovate in products and services and to execute with its clients the multidimensional and orchestrated set of activities required for business model innovation. i2m’s strength lies in driving a collaborative approach with national and international partners from industry and academia for bringing together results from basic & applied research, outcomes of conceptual developments and piloting to create new products & services. Setting up the required organisational structures for boosting innovativeness is also one key strength of i2m.
Spirit Design is a leading strategic design company headquartered in Vienna. Its team of 20 consultants and designers specialised in innovation and brands create sustainable solutions for customers in the mobility, IT, energy, industry and consumer sectors, offering a comprehensive range of services on three levels:
- Developing trend-setting visions in the form of clear innovation and brand strategies,
- Translating these visions into integrated product, service and brand developments through to market launch and
- Management support during all innovation, brand and design processes.
This holistic design approach benefits more than Spirit Design’s customer base. At the heart of the work performed lies a meaningful value proposition for consumers, society and the environment. In recent years the fields of expertise have extended from consulting and design on singular means of transport to the integrated design of mobility systems and vehicle development. The work revolves around the user and their needs: User Centred Development becomes key to successful product and service innovations.
Innovawin 2006 S.L. (hereinafter, Innoget) is an Open Innovation services provider with a clear focus on developing online solutions to enhance and foster collaboration in R&D, Business development and Innovation among Industry, Academia, Funding bodies and Society stakeholders. Defined as an Internet based company and headquartered in Mataró, Spain, Innoget was established in 2006 from the integration of a group of professionals of recognized standing and experience in the fields of Open Innovation and Technology Transfer. The co-founding partners have more than 30 years experience within Open Innovation management and assisting International companies, SMEs, Universities, Public and Private Research Organizations, Clusters, Economic promotion Agencies and Public bodies in building new and innovative Open Innovation capabilities. Innoget’s core business activity is developed through its Global online Open Innovation Marketplace, an innovative and proven way for selling and buying technologies and knowledge in a wide range of technical fields from Life Science, Engineering, Chemistry, Computer Science and Physics. Innoget.com is a global community comprised of thousands of professionals who have free access to tech calls and techs for sale posted by organizations convinced of the need to collaborate with external partners and actively seek to invest in joint development, technology acquisition, licensing or any other type of collaboration. Innoget offers connections with no services or brokers involved in two different directions, a “Market Pull” for larger companies and SMEs searching for R&D innovation, business and technical challenges to be solved, and a “Technology Push” where innovation consortia, universities, research based organizations, Start ups actively look for partners to either commercialize or invest in their technologies, knowledge, capabilities and innovate products. Innoget also launched a multiuser SaaS IT platform, the InnogetCloud, where customers can customise their own online Open Innovation marketplaces as well, and clearly important, automatically connect them to www.innoget.com, that acts as a “hub” among all of them.
CogniStreamer is a Belgian SME with headquarters in Flanders, and sales offices in US and India. We offer collaborative software and professional services to drive and manage corporate open innovation:
- Software tools for ideation and enrichment, crowdsourcing new products and services, knowledge management and patent management.
- Professional services to imbed continuous and sustainable collaborative innovation programs, helping companies in connecting employees, cross-silo and cross-company, and drive the innovation process.
CogniStreamer has over 40 global clients from different business domains such as industrial manufacturing, chemicals, telecommunications, banking, utilities and consumer goods.
Centro Ricerche Fiat (CRF), founded in 1978, has the mission to develop and transfer innovative products, processes and methodologies in order to improve the competitiveness of the products of FCA (Fiat-Chrylser Automobiles). Through cooperation with a pan-European and increasingly global network of more than 1800 partners from industry and academia, CRF conducts collaborative research initiatives at the national and international levels in partnership with all the key public and private stakeholders concerned with sustainable mobility, targeting specifically the industrial exploitation of research. With a workforce of approximately 900 full-time professionals, CRF develops research and innovation along the three principal axes of sustainability: Environmental Sustainability, which encompasses all aspects relating to energy efficiency as well as to the reduction of the impact on the environment over the entire lifecycle of the vehicle; Social Sustainability, focusing on the safety of transportation systems through the development of active, passive, preventive and cooperative solutions while addressing the mobility of all users irrespective of their specific needs; Economically sustainable competitiveness, oriented towards viable innovation, i.e., improving the performance and functionality of new vehicles in a cost-effective manner while reducing the time-to-market of research results. The CRF research activities imply strategic competences not only in the field of automotive engineering, but also in the fields of manufacturing, advanced materials, ICT and electronics, as well as a wide range of state-of-the-art laboratories and extensive test facilities, including advanced engine & vehicle testing facilities, EMC chambers and a dynamic driving simulator with immersive virtual reality. CRF participates with a leading role in the European “Green Vehicle Initiative” and “Factories of the Future”, the Public Private Partnerships which focus public and private research on issues of direct and significant relevance to the Europe with regard to the competitiveness of industry and employment. Within this context, CRF is actively involved in key European Technology Platforms including: ERTRAC (road transport), EPOSS (smart systems), EUMAT (materials), MANUFUTURE (manufacturing), bringing together key stakeholders within an integrated approach to research and innovation. CRF is also supporting the Joint Technology Initiative ECSEL (Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership). The Intellectual Property developed by CRF includes over 2570 patents, both granted and pending, protecting over 590 inventions. In recent years the technology-driver role of CRF has enabled the industrialization and commercialization of a significant number of distinctive and highly innovative products for FCA including, in the powertrains area: the Diesel Common Rail system (UNIJET and MultiJet), the MULTIAIRÒ system with the TwinAir engine, CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) and DDCT (Dual Dry Clutch Transmission) technologies; and in the vehicles area: energy saving airconditioning systems, the Blue&MeTM connectivity product, Driving Advisor and Magic Parking driver-assistance systems and the ECODriveTM eco-navigation solutions.
Siemens Industry Software NV (SISW LMS) is a Belgian company, constituting the Simulation and Test Solutions (STS) business segment within Siemens PLM Software. SISW originated as LMS International, a spin-off company from the KU Leuven, developing into a world-leading position for advanced engineering solutions for the mechanical and mechatronic industry. In 2013, LMS was acquired by Siemens to complement its offering on design engineering software within the ”Digital Factory” division. More specifically, SISW LMS develops and markets testing systems, multi-domain simulation software and engineering services to support product design in relation to critical performance parameters such as safety, fuel economy, noise and vibration, structural integrity and life time. SISW LMS is headquartered in Leuven, Belgium, with a staff of about 350 and has R&D centres throughout Europe, the US and India. While its main markets are the automotive and aerospace ones, its solutions are adopted in all sectors where mission critical performance must be ensured. SISW LMS continuously innovates its solutions through substantial investments in R&D. This innovation process is performed in close collaboration with both major end users, reflecting the actual market needs and with leading universities and research centres, to contribute with breakthrough technologies. As part of this strategy, SISW LMS has a policy of hosting visiting students, researchers and experts, many of which pursue mixed industry-academic doctoral degrees.
Atos SE (Societas Europaea) is a leader in digital services with 2013 pro forma annual revenue of €10 billion and 86,000 employees in 66 countries. Serving a global client base, the Group provides Consulting & Systems Integration services, Managed Services & BPO, Cloud operations, Big Data & Security solutions, as well as transactional services through Worldline, the European leader in the payments and transactional services industry. With its deep technology expertise and industry knowledge, the Group works with clients across different business sectors: Defence, Financial Services, Health, Manufacturing, Media & Utilities, Public Sector, Retail, Telecommunications and Transportation. Atos Research & Innovation (ARI) is the research, development and innovation hub of ATOS and it is a key reference for the whole Atos group. Thanks to its large expertise in RDI, ARI not only leverages research on new technologies inside the Atos group, but also brings research outcomes to customers, introducing innovative approaches, methodologies and tools in their business processes. ARI focuses on project accomplishment, combining economic exploitation of research results with the most up-to-date technological developments and high awareness of human factors, such as education sciences, disability-related issues, cultural diversity, and multilingualism. ARI has run more than 375 RDI projects since 1987 and has a long history of innovation management related projects (DISRUPT-IT, HoTEL, BIVEE, etc.), developing both methodologies and tools to support the company’s or other stakeholders’ innovation capacities.
CA Technologies Development Spain (CA) is a company of the group of CA Technologies. CA is a global Information Technology (IT) management software company and it is one of the largest independent software corporations in the world. CA applies decades of experience and innovation to research, develop and deliver software that integrates with other solutions to make an organization’s technology investments more valuable. The company supports software which runs in mainframe, distributed, virtualized and cloud environments and which a majority of the Forbes Global 2000 has installed. CA Labs was established in 2005 to strengthen relationships between research communities and CA Technologies. CA Labs leverages leading-edge research from universities around the world while serving as an innovation hub within the company. CA Labs engages with academia, professional associations, industry standards bodies, customers and partners to explore novel products and emerging technologies. The results of the projects established with these partners vary from research publications, to best practices, to new directions for products. CA Labs is established in different countries. CA Labs has been active for more than 8 years worldwide and the consortium will be working with researchers with more than 20 years of experience in the company. CA Labs will provide its research experience in managing very large data sets and general experience on doing industrial research.